This issue was found by my colleague and friend Gabriel Sideras that was assigned the task to create web services from our business components.
He noticed that sometimes the entity validations was not executed from the web service. This happens when the entity primary key has checked the attribute refresh after insert.
This is reproduced at the attached test case that a simple createDepartment web service is created with HR department entity and view.
Yet if you change the DepartmentId attribute of entity which is the primary key and it is filled by a database trigger to be Refresh after Insert and you run the WS again then if you Send a request without any data the entity validations are not executed and the error that is shown is the dml failure from database.
This is a serious issue for us since we try to reuse (at least) the entities of our application to expose web services so this would require changes of implementation of primary keys.
It reproduce in jdeveloper 18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124.